- What is an outbreak?
- How does an outbreak in a hospital start?
- Are the figures in the outbreak different the total number of COVID-19 patients in the hospital?
- What do the outbreak figures mean? Are they all hospital-transmitted cases?
- Are the deaths linked to each outbreak people who have died as a result of having COVID-19?
- What is the difference between a cluster and an outbreak?
What is an outbreak?
An outbreak means that disease has occurred at a level greater than what we would normally expect in a certain setting. In CTMUHB an outbreak is defined as when two or more cases have been identified as having potentially been transmitted within a hospital setting.
How does an outbreak in a hospital start?
There are a number of different ways this could have happened but the likelihood, based on what we know today, is that a person who was affected passed the infection to a number of others in each of the hospital sites.
Clearly, patients have been admitted into the hospital with COVID-19 symptoms, but there are also a lot of patients who are asymptomatic and may have been admitted for a different reason.
So it is inevitable, in the same way that COVID-19 is passed from person to person in shops and in the community, that there is a risk it will be passed within the hospital environment.
We are now looking at every possible patient that was admitted to the hospital to try and understand whether or not they contracted their infection within the hospital itself.
Are the figures in the outbreak different the total number of COVID-19 patients in the hospital?
Yes, they are different. The outbreak figures do not represent the numbers of COVID-19 patients currently in each hospital. Some of the patients included in the outbreak will have recovered and been discharged and some will have sadly died.